The Complete Guide to Sleep Disorders

Getting good quality sleep is essential to staying healthy in your mind and body. If you’re having issues getting quality sleep, this complete guide to sleep disorders is your go-to reference to learn about what could be causing your sleep troubles and how you can manage it. When you commit to building heathy sleep habits, you take the first step to become your healthiest self – one full night of good sleep at a time.
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  • Teeth Grinding or Sleep Bruxism – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Nocturnal teeth grinding or bruxism is the jaw clenching, tooth grinding one engages in while asleep. It can coexist with other sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea and night terrors, and brings about severe dental damage when left unchecked. This article tackles the main causes, symptoms, and treatment options for nocturnal teeth grinding.

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  • Somniphobia or Sleep Phobia – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Somniphobia or sleep phobia is a rare condition that prevents one from getting ample sleep because they have developed a fear of falling asleep. This sleep disorder occurs most often in children recovering from trauma or a stressful experience. Here, we cover the causes, symptoms, and best treatment for sleep phobia.

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  • Sleepwalking or Somnambulism – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Sleep walking or somnambulism causes one to walk, talk, and perform activities in one’s daily routine, all while unconscious and in deep sleep. It commonly occurs in young children and adolescents and can indicate other physiological or psychological conditions. Here, we explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for sleep walking.

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  • Sleep Talking or Somniloquy – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In sleep talking or somniloquy, one begins to talk while in deep sleep. While common in both children and adults, chronic sleep talking is rare and can be an indication of an underlying psychological or physiological condition. In this article, we share the causes, symptoms, and effective treatment methods for sleep talking.

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  • Sleep Related Rhythmic Movement Disorder – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In sleep rhythmic movement disorder (SRMD), you repeatedly roll and bang your head back and forth, either while asleep or just as you are about to sleep. SRMD is a sleep disorder most commonly observed in infants and young children, with episodes lasting up to 15 minutes. This article discusses the causes, symptoms, and treatment for SRMD.

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  • Sleep Related Eating Disorder – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), one has episodes of out-of-control eating and drinking, all while remaining in deep sleep. This sleep disorder can coexist with other pre-existing psychological or physiological conditions like narcolepsy, sleep walking, and eating disorders. This article tackles the causes, symptoms, and most effective treatment options for sleep-related eating disorder.

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  • Sleep Paralysis – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Sleep paralysis occurs when your body has activated “sleep mode,” but your mind has remained fully awake. While most people experience this only a few times in their lives, those with underlying mental health issues can have persistent sleep paralysis episodes. This article covers the causes, signs, and treatment options for sleep paralysis.

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  • Sleep Apnea – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder marked by short but repeated pauses in one’s breathing during sleep. The most common type, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is typically accompanied by snoring and occurs because of upper airway blockage in the patient. This article tackles the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for sleep apnea.

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  • Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD) – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), you physically enact your dream, making vigorous movements and loud sounds in your sleep. RBD episodes involve dreams where you are being chased or attacked and have to defend yourself. This article tackles the causes, symptoms, and treatment of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder.

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  • Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Periodic limb movements of sleep (PLMS) is a sleep disorder that makes you forcefully jerk your limbs, just as you are drifting out of consciousness, many times throughout the night. PLMS can cause poor sleep quality for you and your partner. Here, we explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for periodic limb movements of sleep.

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  • Nocturnal Groaning or Catathrenia – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In sleep moaning, sleep groaning, or catathrenia, one moans, groans, or makes strange vocalizations while fast asleep. Sleep moaning happens exclusively as one exhales, and can coexist with other sleep disorders like sleep talking and obstructive sleep apnea. Here, we discuss the likely causes, main symptoms, and most effective treatment options for sleep moaning.

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  • Night Terror or Sleep Terror – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Night terrors occur when one gets gripped by intense fear and panic while in the first few hours of falling asleep. Often triggered by a bad dream, night terror episodes cause one to flail and scream in bed while unconscious. Here, we consider the causes, symptoms, and best treatment for night terrors.

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  • Narcolepsy – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Narcolepsy renders one’s brain unable to maintain regular sleep-wake cycles, therefore bringing about “sleep attacks” that can strike at any time of day. Narcolepsy can be accompanied by cataplexy, or the loss of both muscle tone and control, causing its patient to collapse into sleep. This article discusses the causes, symptoms, and best treatment for narcolepsy.

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  • Kleine Levin Syndrome – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Kleine Levin syndrome (KLS) is a neurological condition and sleep disorder where one has severe excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), accompanied by sudden and pronounced changes in behavior. KLS is most common in adolescent and young adult males. In this article, we discuss the causes, symptoms, and best treatment for Kleine Levin syndrome.

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  • Insomnia – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Insomnia is a condition that makes you unable to fall and stay asleep. This sleep disorder can be acute, transient, or chronic. Here, we learn all about the causes, symptoms, and treatment methods for insomnia.

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  • Idiopathic Hypersomnia – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In idiopathic hypersomnia, one awakens tired and unrefreshed, with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), even after a full 9 to 10 hours of sleep. This condition is related to narcolepsy and Kleine Levin syndrome and affects one’s ability to study, work, and socialize. Here, we explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment for idiopathic hypersomnia.

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  • Exploding Head Syndrome – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Exploding head syndrome (EHS) causes one to hear extremely loud explosive sounds, just as they are about to either sleep at night or wake up in the morning. It’s more common in women and can accompany other conditions like sleep paralysis. Here, we learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for exploding head syndrome.

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  • Confusional Arousals – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    In confusional arousals, one wakes up and is either completely unresponsive or aggressive. This condition is common in children and young adults up to age 35, and can coexist with some sleep disorders like sleep walking or night terrors. In this article, we share the causes, symptoms and best treatment for confusional arousals.

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  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Circadian rhythm sleep disorder (CRSD) is an umbrella term for any sleep disorder that features disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle. These sleep-wake cycle abnormalities may originate from internal or external stimuli, and can coexist with anxiety, depression, and other sleep disorders. Here, we share the causes, symptoms, and most effective treatment for circadian rhythm sleep disorder.

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  • Adult Bed-wetting – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

    Adult bed-wetting or nocturnal enuresis is a rare condition that causes one to involuntarily pee in bed while asleep. It can occur alongside pre-existing psychological and physiological conditions like anxiety, stress disorder, hormonal imbalance, or urinary tract infection (UTI). Here, we list the likely causes, symptoms, and best treatment methods for adult bed-wetting.

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